September 26, 2006

The Clark Dyer Story Keeps Flying Along

Sylvia Turnage at the White County Rotary Club, 9/26/06

Pictured above: Sylvia Dyer Turnage speaking to the White County Rotary Club on Sept. 26, 2006

Upon invitation by the White County Rotary Club, Sylvia Dyer Turnage presented the story of Clark Dyer’s flying machine at a meeting on September 26, 2006, in Cleveland, Georgia. In her PowerPoint presentation, she emphasized the innovative features of this pioneer mountain man’s design: a power source, a rudder for steering, paddle wheels for acceleration and deceleration, jointed wings to increase or decrease altitude, and a wedge-shaped hull with inclined prow to reduce wind resistance. The Rotarians were amazed at this lost piece of history and many agreed with Sylvia that reproducing the plane and having it placed in a museum was a worthy endeavor.

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September 23, 2006

DAR introduced to Clark Dyer's flying machine

The Old Unicoi Trail Chapter of DAR, 9/23 presenters

Pictured above: The Presenters at the DAR meeting in Blairsville on Sept. 23, 2006

On September 23, 2006, Sylvia Dyer Turnage introduced The Old Unicoi Trail Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution to a piece of history that most of them had never heard of, the invention of a “flying machine” by Micajah Clark Dyer in the Choestoe District of Union County. She showed them a copy of his Patent No. 154,654 issued by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office on September 1, 1874, for his “Apparatus for Navigating the Air.” She related the stories told by eyewitnesses of seeing Clark Dyer fly his machine off Rattlesnake Mountain and across his field about a quarter of a century before the Wright Brothers flew their plane at Kitty Hawk, NC in 1903. Sylvia expressed her desire to get the craft reproduced and placed in a museum, and to have the history books include this important contribution to aviation.

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September 15, 2006

Pioneer Aviator Waits 132 Years for Honor

Photo &copy Billy J. Turnage

As published in 400 Edition magazine, Mountain Lore and Legends section, September/October 2006 by Sylvia Dyer Turnage
bullet To view the source site for this and more news articles on Micajah Clark Dyer, click here.

You shouldn’t discount the truth of old legends that get passed down, as I recently discovered afresh. Sometimes, evidence to support a folk tale can pop up at a time and place you least expect. That’s the way it happened with this legend.

Upon retiring, I moved back to Blairsville, Ga. to live on the old home place where I was born in the Choestoe District of Union County. Here the mountains rise tall and the crystal clear creeks sing peaceful melodies as they wend their way toward the sea. The property is isolated from the rest of the community, and the only manmade sounds come from the occasional whir of an airplane as it travels across the sky or the rumble of a visitor’s auto coming up the road that ends at my house. It is the kind of place that welcomes you to dream impossible dreams. And certainly the legend that came down through my family about the dream that filled the mind of my great-great grandfather, Micajah Clark Dyer, seemed at the time to be impossible.

He lived here, right at the foot of Rattlesnake Mountain where I now live. He was a uniquely intelligent man and built a gristmill on Stink Creek where he ground his and the neighbors’ corn. He hollowed out logs and piped water into his house, giving him the distinction of being the only resident in the community to have running water. He was always working on some new technique or invention in the shop in back of his house. Some of his neighbors thought he was a kook to spend so much time tinkering on gadgets that didn’t seem to them to be worth anything. Their unkind remarks caused him to become very secretive about his creations, and he kept his shop locked, shielding his work from their prying eyes.

His impossible dream began in the mid-1800's when he was just a young man in his twenties with a growing family to support. As he watched the birds flying over his farm he wondered, why can’t a man fly? His education had not advanced beyond the little one-room school in his community. He was a poor farmer, with only primitive tools for building things. Yet, we all knew from the story that had been handed down for more than a hundred years that he designed, built and flew a crude airplane right off the side of Rattlesnake Mountain.

Photo &copy Billy J. Turnage According to legend, the family and neighbors actually saw him navigate the craft over his fields. He reportedly applied for a patent for the machine, and it was believed that after his death in 1891 his widow sold both the contraption and the plans to some brothers named Redwine. The family still firmly believes that those items eventually wound up in the hands of the Wright brothers, who were credited with making the first manned flight in 1903.

In 1980, Kenneth Akins, great-great-great grandson of Clark Dyer and a teacher at Union County High School, became very interested in knowing whether the family legend could be verified. He teamed up with another historian, Robert Davis, and they searched records, interviewed all of the elderly residents of Choestoe, and tried to find as many facts as possible about the flying machine. They wound up with many verbal testimonies from credible people, and they were convinced that the story was true, but they could not find a patent or any contemporaneously written report about the remarkable invention. The Times, a Gainesville, Ga. newspaper, published a story about their findings on March 16, 1980, with the headline “Not everyone believes Wright brothers first.”

It was another dozen years before I started to realize the need for keeping the legend of Clark Dyer’s invention alive for future generations. This led to my writing and publishing The Legend of Clark Dyer’s Remarkable Flying Machine in 1994. I included everything we knew about the invention and what we had heard about its outcome. By the time I finished the book, I had reconciled myself to the sad reality that my family and I would never have any documentary proof that my great-great grandfather built and flew an airplane here in the North Georgia Mountains almost 30 years before the Wright Brothers flew theirs.

Then, in late 2004, a relative whispered to me in church something about finding Micajah Clark Dyer’s patent. I thought he was asking if we had ever found it. I shook my head and whispered back that we were never able to find it. He said excitedly, “No, no. I’m telling you that someone has found his patent!”

He said a young man named Joey, one of Clark Dyer’s descendants, had typed in “Micajah Clark Dyer patent” on Google, followed the links, and succeeded in accessing the patent in the U. S. Patent Office files.

Sure enough, when I got home I was able to perform the same search and get to the Patent Office where, for the first time, I was able to see Patent No. 154,654 issued to Micajah Clark Dyer of Blairsville, Ga. on September 1, 1874, for an “Apparatus for Navigating the Air.” The drawings and specifications looked like something an engineering PhD. had drawn up! The aeronautical principles he had addressed were way ahead of anything that others trying to invent a flying machine had yet envisioned.

I now had proof that the legend was fact. Clark Dyer really was a genius who had designed a craft that included new and innovative methods for navigating the air. He had done this despite living here in these remote mountains, without any formal education, without any sophisticated tools, and with only basic materials.

Later, we found two newspaper stories that were published in 1875 about the invention, one in the Gainesville (Ga.) Eagle and the other in the St. Louis Globe-Democrat. But, obviously, there was not enough publicity to cause Clark Dyer to be included in the history books.

I knew we had to get public recognition for this man’s accomplishments. He was very deserving of honor for his work, even though it was long past due. I was determined to do whatever I could to see that he would get credit now.

I decided to write our State Representative, Charles Jenkins, and ask him if he would introduce legislation to name State Highway 180 from the junction of U.S. Highway 19/129 to the Brasstown Bald Mountain Spur the “Micajah Clark Dyer Parkway.” Mr. Jenkins responded favorably and enthusiastically, saying he agreed that the evidence I sent him fully supported giving Clark Dyer this honor. He introduced the resolution during the legislative session of the Georgia General Assembly. The House and Senate ultimately passed it unanimously, and the Governor signed it on April 28, 2006.

On July 15, 2006, the road sign was unveiled at a well-attended ceremony, and now everyone who drives along this popular road gets the opportunity to recognize a pioneer aviator who had to wait 132 years for “his day” to come.

Next time you hear a legend that sounds far-fetched, don’t dismiss it too fast as only an idle tale. When you least expect it, evidence may pop up and prove it to be true!

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September 3, 2006

Clark Dyer display at Mountain Marketplace
Heritage Festival

Photo &copy Billy J. Turnage

Pictured above: Jean Oakley and Sylvia Dyer Turnage with the Micajah Clark Dyer flying machine exhibit at the festival.

Exhibits showcasing Micajah Clark Dyer’s flying machine were on display at the Mountain Marketplace Heritage Festival in Blairsville, Georgia on September 2-3, 2006. The annual festival is a community outreach event of the Union County Historical Society featuring mountain music, arts and crafts, historic treasures, and living history activities to keep the area’s rich mountain heritage alive.

Many festival visitors were introduced for the first time to the story of Clark Dyer’s invention. Dyer’s 1874 patent for an 'Apparatus for Navigating the Air' and his subsequent flight from Rattlesnake Mountain in Union County pushes the timeframe of Georgia’s first record of aviation history back more than three decades.

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